Health Articles

May 18, 2012

KHAMIN CHAN & FA-THALAI-CHON, Herbal Medicines in National List of Essential Drugs (THAILAND)


Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wallich ex Nees

Synonym: Andrographis subspathulata

Vernacular names: Creat, green chireta (En). Roi des amers (Fr). Indinesia: ki oray (Sundanese), sambilata (Javanease), ampadu (Padang). Philippines: aluy, lekha (Tagalog), sinta (Bikol). Thailand: fa thalaai (Bangkok), khee-pang-hee (Chinese), yaa kannguu (Songkhla). Vietnam: c[oo]ng, kh[oor] di[eej]p, xuy[ee]n t[aa]m li[ee]n.


Antidiarrheal; antipyretic; anti-inflammatory in laryngitis.


It contains a large quantity of bitters which mainly are andrographolide, neoandrographolide, and deoxyandrographolide. It also contains andrographoside, deoxyandrographoside, ninandrographolide, 14-deoxy-11-oxoandrographolide, 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (dehydroandrographolide), dideoxyandrographolide(andrograpanin), homoandrographolide, andrographan, andrographon, andrographosterin, beta-sitosterol-D-glucoside, and flavonoids.

Description of odour and tast:

Slight and specific odour, extremely bitter taste.


The leaves of A. paniculata has been recommended for the treatment of fever. Pills or infusions are also recommended to treat female disorders, dyspepsia, hypertension, rheumatism, gonorrhea, amenorrhoea, torpid liver and jaundice. Furthermore, A. paniculata is considered to be anti-inflammatory and immuno-suppressive, but reports on antibacterial activity are contradictory.


Curcuma L.

Major species: Curcuma Longa L.

Vernacular names: Curcuma (En, Fr), turmeric (En). Indonesia: temu. Malaysia: temu. Laos: kachiew, khminz. Thailand: khamin. Vietnam: ngh[eej]

Category: Stomachic; carminative; astringent.


Turmeric yields about 7 per cent of a yellow volatile oil containing turmerone and zingiberene as major constituents and many other sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes, yellow colouring matter including curcumin or diferuloymethane(1.8 to 5.4 per cent), desmethoxycurcumin, and bisdesmethoxycurcumin.


Orange-brown, crystalline powder.


Rhizomes of many Curcuma species are used medicinally, often to treat liver diseases (jaundice, gallstones), but also for various abdominal complaints. They are considered stomachic, carminative, haematic and styptic. Furthermore, they are sometimes applies to asthma, cough and bronchial catarrh, or to treat itch, scurf, skin infection in general, or are applied to wounds and ulcers.


1. L.S. de Padua, N. Bunyapraphatsara and R.H.M.J. Lemmens, Plant Resources of South-East Asia, Indonesia 1999. Page 119, 210.

2. Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia Vol. I., 2009. Page 24, 38.